埃里温大学

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埃里温国立大学创立于1919年。2001~2002学年度该学校共有10500名在校生,1200名教师。
中文名
埃里温国立大学
成立时间
1919年
教师数量
1200名

目录

埃里温大学背景

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亚美尼亚的教育体制包括学前教育、普通中小学教育、职业技术教育、中等专业教育和高等教育。普通中小学实行免费教育,大学对国家计划内的学生实行免费教育。主要高等院校有埃里温国立大学、埃里温工学院等。

埃里温大学摘要

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One of the important educational and cultural undertakings of each country has always been the foundation of a university. In regard to this the Republic of Armenia was not an exception. In 1919, on the 16-th of May, the RA Ministers Council made a decision to found a university in Yerevan. This was realized on the 31-th of January in 1920 in Alexandrapol's (now Gyumri) trade school.
A gorgeous ceremony was celebrated where the government and guests from abroad were present.
The lessons in the university started in February of 1920. The first lecture was held by an outstanding scientist Stepan Malkhasyanc.
In the beginning there was only one faculty, that of History and Linguistics, 262 students and 32 lecturers. Owing to great efforts of the first rector of YSU, Yuri Ghambaryan, an experienced staff from abroad having great pedagogical and scientific experience was invited to work in YSU. Among them the names of Hakob Manandyan, Manuk Abeghyan and Stepan Malkhasyanc should especially be mentioned.
In 1920 Armenia became a part of the Soviet Union. On the 17-th of December, the first national commissioner of education of the ASSR, Ashot Hovhannisyan, declared about "The new order of the university reformation", according to which it was to be renamed into Yerevan National University. The above said was realized by the next rector professor, armenologist Hakob Manandyan.
In the 20s of the 20-th century, the university was located on Astafyan (now Abovyan) Street on the first floor of the teacher's seminary. The National University had 2 faculties; those were Departments of Social Sciences and Biological Sciences. And in 1921 there were already 5 faculties, namely the Faculties of Biology, Oriental Studies, Technical Studies, Pedagogical and Soviet Industry. Later, the Biological Faculty was transformed into Agricultural. In March of 1922 a Medical Faculty was also founded.
According to the government decision of 20.10.1923, the National University was renamed into State University. Therefore, the responsibilities and the status of the university became higher, and at the same time the requirements became more complicated. Experienced lecturers from abroad with knowledge of several foreign languages after a thorough election by the authorities of the university were invited to work.
In 1933-34 Faculties of Economy, History, History and Linguistics, Physics and Mathematics as well as Pedagogical Faculty started to function. In 1934 the Pedagogical Faculty was separated from YSU and a new pedagogical institute was founded which was later renamed after K H. Abovyan. In the same year the Biological Faculty was divided into 2 branches - Faculties of Biological and Chemical Sciences.
Thus, in 1935-36 8 faculties were formed and started to function. These were the Faculties of History, Linguistics, Law, Geology and Geography, Physics and Mathematics and Biology. In 1945 the Faculty of International Relations was formed and functioned till 1953. In 1957 the Institute of Russian and Foreign Languages was joined to YSU as a separate faculty, which was again separated in 1961. In 1959 the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics was divided into 2 separate branches. And on the basis of this in 1975 the Faculty of Radiophysics was separated from the Faculty of Physics, which in its turn had been separated form the Faculty of Physics and Mathematics in 1959.
In 1991 YSU had 17 faculties which provided 32 specializations.
1960-1990 became a period of unprecedented development for YSU. New faculties and scientific laboratories were opened. One of the most important achievements was the foundation of the Armenology Center. Publishing started its active functioning. Scientific researches of our staff, magazines and journals, periodicals and collected works were issued.
The period of 1995-96 became significant for the university with the beginning of new educational process.
In order to have an educational system corresponding to international standards YSU as well as a number of Armenian Educational Institutions adopted the two-grade system of education (bachelor's and MA degrees).
By now there have been approximately 90 000 graduates. 13 000 students study in 22 faculties. More than 200 lecturers of 1200 have doctoral degrees and more than 500 are Candidates of Sciences. More than 30 academicians of NAS RA work in YSU. Owing to highly qualified scientists significant researches related to different modern scientific branches are carried out in YSU. The educational and scientific activities are organized in more than 100 departments, which are replenished with modern techniques and equipments.
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